The odds a person who has an out-of-hospital

1 in 2

The odds a person who has an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to pre-existing heart disease and is defibrillated by a bystander with a public access AED will survive to be discharged are 1 in 2 (US, 1999 – 2002).
STATS–

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Sources & Definitions

SOURCE(S)Culley L, Rea T, Murray J, Welles B, Fahrenbruch C, Olsufka M, Eisenberg M, and Copass M. ‘Public Access Defibrillation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Community-Based Study.’ Circulation 109(15) 2004: pg 1859-1863.

CALCULATION(S) BY BOOK OF ODDS BASED ON

Culley L, Rea T, Murray J, Welles B, Fahrenbruch C, Olsufka M, Eisenberg M, and Copass M. ‘Public Access Defibrillation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Community-Based Study.’ Circulation 109(15) 2004: pg 1859-1863.

Rosamond W, Flegal K, Furie K, Go A, Greenlund K, Haase N, et al.; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. ‘Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics–2008 Update’ Circulation 117(4) 2008: pgs e25-e146.

Population Estimates Program [Internet]. U.S. Census Bureau; Available from: http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

DEFINITIONS

Defibrillated
Refers to cases in which a bystander uses a public access Automatic External Defibrilator to revive the person.

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ROUNDING RULES

Odds more likely than 1 in 10, such as 1 in 3.42, are rounded to three significant digits. Odds less likely than 1 in 10, such as 1 in 420.4, are rounded to four significant digits. Trailing zeros after the decimal point are dropped for readability, even though they may still be significant.

Odds you’ll see: 1 in 4.26; 14.5; 143; 5,230; 433,200

Odds you won’t see: 1 in 2.412; 63.042; 425,242c

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