1 in 5.4
The odds a person 85 – 94 has had a heart attack are 1 in 5.4 (US, 1998 – 2002).
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Sources & Definitions
Incidence & Prevalence: 2006 Chart Book on Cardiovascular and Lung Diseases. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. May 2006.
CALCULATION(S) BY BOOK OF ODDS BASED ON
Population Estimates Program [Internet]. U.S. Census Bureau; Available from: http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php
Recent or acute MI was designated when there were serial changes in the ECGs indicating the evolution of an infarction, including S-T segment elevation in the ECG associated with later inversion of T waves and the loss of initial QRS potentials (i.e., development of �pathologic� Q waves of greater than or equal to 0.04 second duration), followed by serial changes indicating reversion towards normal. An old or remote MI was considered to be present when the ECG showed a stable pattern including a pathologic Q wave of greater than or equal to 0.04 second or loss of initial QRS potential (R wave) in those leads in which this would not be expected to occur. Also, an old MI was indicated when changes from a previous tracing showed development of loss of R-wave potential or appearance of pathologic Q waves not otherwise explained. More weight was given to this finding if a T-wave abnormality was also associated. Beginning in Original Cohort Exam 4, a hospital report for a subject showing a rise in the serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase to a level of at least 60 units along with a history of prolonged ischemic chest pain was accepted as evidence of MI. Subsequently, in 1962, pathologic elevation of another enzyme was included: lactic dehydrogenase > 500 units. An autopsy report showing an acute, new, or recent infarction of the myocardium was accepted as evidence of MI. Because it is not possible to date an old MI found on autopsy, such evidence was not included in the clinical diagnosis.
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To properly cite Book of Odds please copy and paste the following into any document utilizing this Odds Statement:
Odds Statement provided by Book of Odds Inc., http://www.bookofodds.com/content/view/full/392419 (Accessed: 12/14/2009)
Odds more likely than 1 in 10, such as 1 in 3.42, are rounded to three significant digits. Odds less likely than 1 in 10, such as 1 in 420.4, are rounded to four significant digits. Trailing zeros after the decimal point are dropped for readability, even though they may still be significant.
Odds you’ll see: 1 in 4.26; 14.5; 143; 5,230; 433,200
Odds you won’t see: 1 in 2.412; 63.042; 425,242c